Book Project

Working Title: Ambiguity, Coalitions, and the Evolution of the Global Financial Inclusion Agenda (In Progress) 


Peer-Reviewed Articles

Lawlor, Andrea, Tyler Girard, Philippe Wodnicki, and Miranda Goode. 2022. "Crisis Management: Personal Financial Well-Being and Public Attitudes Toward Government Intervention." International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy. FirstView.



Nandita Biswas Mellamphy, Tyler Girard, and Anne Campbell. 2022. "Interpreting Crises Through Narratives: The Construction of a COVID-19 Policy Narrative by Canada’s Political Parties." Critical Policy Studies. FirstView. DOI:

Tyler Girard. 2022. "Participatory Ambiguity and the Emergence of the Global Financial Inclusion Agenda." Review of International Political Economy. 29(5): 1698-1722. 


     Winner of the ISA-Canada Best Graduate Student Paper Award, International Studies Association (ISA) Annual Conference 2019

Tyler Girard. 2021. "Reconciling the Theoretical and Empirical Study of International Norms: A New Approach to Measurement." American Political Science Review 115(1): 331-338.


Tyler Girard. 2021. "When Bribery is Considered an Economic Necessity: Facilitation Payments, Norm Translation, and the Role of Cognitive Beliefs." International Studies Perspectives 22(1): 65-83.


Tyler Girard. 2020. "Bank Accounts for All: How Does Financial Regulation Matter?" Journal of International Development 32(5): 793-818.


Manuscripts Submitted for Review

Girard, Tyler. "When Does National Identity Constrain the Power of Global Technology Firms?" Revise & Resubmit. (Manuscript available upon request)


Girard, Tyler, Nicole McMahon, and Megan Payler. "Theorizing Norm Stagnation: Evidence from the Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity (SOGI) Norm." (Manuscript available upon request)

Spicer, Zac, Tyler Girard, Jen Nelles, and Christopher Alcantara. "Measuring Accountability in Interlocal Agreements." (Manuscript available upon request)

Working Papers

Girard, Tyler and Erin Hannah. "I Don't Cook, I'm No Maid, But Let Me Tell You My Thoughts On Trade: Gender, Social Reproduction, and Trade Preferences." (Manuscript available upon request)

Girard, Tyler. "The International Political Economy of Technology." In Erin Hannah (Ed.), Global Political Economy, 7th
. Oxford University Press.

Works in Progress

Girard, Tyler and Erin Hannah. "Brogrammers, Secretaries, and Political Responses to the Gendered Effects of Digital Offshoring."

Girard, Tyler. "Does the Prevalence of Insincere Norm-Holders Vary?"

Armstrong, David and Tyler Girard. "The Consequences of Conditioning on Covariates in Measurement Models."

Vanhooren, Shanaya and Tyler Girard. "Measuring Public Perceptions of Party Ideology in Federal Systems."